.. include:: autodoc_abbr_options_c.rst
.. index::
single: SAPT
pair: SAPT; theory
.. _`sec:sapt`:
SAPT: Symmetry-Adapted Perturbation Theory
==========================================
.. codeauthor:: Edward G. Hohenstein and Rob M. Parrish
.. sectionauthor:: Edward G. Hohenstein
*Module:* :ref:`Keywords `, :ref:`PSI Variables `, :source:`LIBSAPT_SOLVER `
.. warning:: In rare cases with systems having a high degree of symmetry,
|Psifour| gives (very obviously) wrong answers for SAPT computations
when the specification is in Z-matrix format. Use a Cartesian representation
to avoid this problem.
.. caution:: In early versions (notably |Psifour| alpha circa 2011
and before), frozen core was implemented incompletely and for
only selected terms. Comparisons with papers published using early
|PSIfour| SAPT code may show discrepancies of 0.01-0.10 kcal/mol in
individual terms, particularly :math:`E_{exch}^{(11)}` and :math:`E_{exch}^{(12)}`.
.. caution:: January 28th 2016, the default for all NAT_ORBS options
was changed to true. Hence the code now by default uses natural
orbital truncation to speed up the evaluation of energy terms
wherever possible, according to literature recommendations.
In early July 2016, some total sapt energy psivars were renamed.
Symmetry-adapted perturbation theory (SAPT) provides a means of directly
computing the noncovalent interaction between two molecules, that is, the
interaction energy is determined without computing the total energy of the
monomers or dimer. In addition, SAPT provides a decomposition of the
interaction energy into physically meaningful components: *i.e.,*
electrostatic, exchange, induction, and dispersion terms. In SAPT, the
Hamiltonian of the dimer is partitioned into contributions from each
monomer and the interaction.
.. math:: H=F_A+W_A+F_B+W_B+V
Here, the Hamiltonian is written as a sum of the usual monomer Fock
operators, :math:`F`, the fluctuation potential of each monomer, :math:`W`, and the
interaction potential, :math:`V`. The monomer Fock operators, :math:`F_A+F_B`, are
treated as the zeroth-order Hamiltonian and the interaction energy is
evaluated through a perturbative expansion of :math:`V`, :math:`W_A`, and :math:`W_B`.
Through first-order in :math:`V`, electrostatic and exchange interactions are
included; induction and dispersion first appear at second-order in :math:`V`. For
a complete description of SAPT, the reader is referred to the excellent
review by Jeziorski, Moszynski, and Szalewicz [Jeziorski:1994:1887]_.
Several truncations of the SAPT expansion are available in the SAPT
module of |PSIfour|. The simplest truncation of SAPT is denoted SAPT0
and defined in Eq. :eq:`SAPT0`.
.. math:: E_{SAPT0} = E_{elst}^{(10)} + E_{exch}^{(10)} + E_{ind,resp}^{(20)} +
E_{exch-ind,resp}^{(20)} + E_{disp}^{(20)} + E_{exch-disp}^{(20)} + \delta_{HF}^{(2)}
:label: SAPT0
In this notation, :math:`E^{(vw)}` defines the order in :math:`V` and in :math:`W_A+W_B`; the
subscript, :math:`resp`, indicates that orbital relaxation effects are included.
.. math:: E_{SAPT2} = E_{SAPT0} + E_{elst,resp}^{(12)} + E_{exch}^{(11)} +
E_{exch}^{(12)} +\/ ^{t}\!E_{ind}^{(22)} +\/ ^{t}\!E_{exch-ind}^{(22)}
:label: SAPT2
.. math:: E_{SAPT2+} = E_{SAPT2} + E_{disp}^{(21)} + E_{disp}^{(22)}
:label: SAPT2p
.. math:: E_{SAPT2+(3)} = E_{SAPT2+} + E_{elst,resp}^{(13)} + E_{disp}^{(30)}
:label: SAPT2pparen3
.. math:: E_{SAPT2+3} = E_{SAPT2+(3)}
+ E_{exch-ind}^{(30)} + E_{ind,resp}^{(30)}
+ E_{exch-disp}^{(30)} + E_{ind-disp}^{(30)} + E_{exch-ind-disp}^{(30)}
- \delta_{HF}^{(2)} + \delta_{HF}^{(3)}
:label: SAPT2p3
The :math:`\delta_{HF}^{(2)}` and :math:`\delta_{HF}^{(3)}` terms take into
account higher-order induction effects and are included in the definition
of SAPT terms. They are computed from the Hartree-Fock supermolecular interaction energy
:math:`E_{int}^{HF}` and are only available in dimer-centered basis SAPT
computations, which is the default (see below for monomer-centered basis
computations). They are defined by:
.. math:: \delta_{HF}^{(2)} = E_{int}^{HF} - (E_{elst}^{(10)} + E_{exch}^{(10)}
+ E_{ind,resp}^{(20)} + E_{exch-ind,resp}^{(20)})
:label: dHF2
.. math:: \delta_{HF}^{(3)} = \delta_{HF}^{(2)} - (E_{exch-ind}^{(30)}
+ E_{ind,resp}^{(30)})
:label: dHF3
Additionally, high-order coupling between induction and dispersion can be
extracted from the supermolecular MP2 interaction energy:
.. math:: \delta_{MP2}^{(2)} = E_{int}^{MP2, corr} - (E_{elst}^{(12)} +
E_{exch}^{(11)} + E_{exch}^{(12)} +\/ ^{t}\!E_{ind}^{(22)}
+\/ ^{t}\!E_{exch-ind}^{(22)} + E_{disp}^{(20)} + E_{exch-disp}^{(20)})
.. math:: \delta_{MP2}^{(3)} = \delta_{MP2}^{(2)} - (E_{ind-disp}^{(30)} + E_{exch-ind-disp}^{(30)})
where :math:`E_{int}^{MP2, corr}` is the correlation part of the supermolecular MP2
interaction energy. :math:`\delta_{MP2}^{(2)}` and :math:`\delta_{MP2}^{(3)}` also improve the
description of electrostatically dominated complexes. :math:`\delta_{MP2}^{(2)}`
can be applied to SAPT2+ or SAPT2+(3) energies whereas :math:`\delta_{MP2}^{(3)}`
should be applied to SAPT2+3 energies.
A thorough analysis of the performance of these truncations of SAPT can be
found in a review by Hohenstein and Sherrill [Hohenstein:2012:WIREs]_,
and a systematic study of the accuracy of these truncations (with and
without an improved CCD treatment of dispersion) using different basis sets
is reported in [Parker:2014:094106]_.
The SAPT module relies entirely on the density-fitting approximation
of the two-electron integrals. The factorization of the SAPT energy
expressions, as implemented in |PSIfour|, assumes the use of density-fitted
two-electron integrals, therefore, the SAPT module cannot be run with
exact integrals. In practice, we have found that the density-fitting
approximation introduces negligible errors into the SAPT energy
(often less than 0.01 kcal/mol for small dimers) and greatly
improves efficiency.
The S\ :superscript:`2` approximation and scaling
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
All exchange terms in SAPT arise from the antisymmetrization
of the wavefunctions of monomers A and B. Taking into account exchange of all possible
electron pairs between the two monomers yields to complicated formulae.
For this reason, exchange terms are often evaluated in the :math:`S^{2}`
approximation, that can be interpreted as the exchange of a single electron
pair between monomers.
The :math:`S^{2}` approximation is usually pretty good, but may
break down for short intermolecular distance, particularly in high-order
terms. To compensate these deviations, Parker et al. [Parker:2014:094106]_
recommend to scale all :math:`S^{2}` approximated exchange terms by the ratio:
.. math:: p_{EX}(\alpha) = \left( \frac{E_{exch}^{(10)}}{E_{exch}^{(10)}(S^{2})} \right)^{\alpha}
where the recommended exponent is :math:`\alpha = 1`. To obtain SAPT energies with this scaling,
simply set the keyword ``exch_scale_alpha true``. Alternatively, another value for :math:`\alpha`
can be specified by setting |sapt__exch_scale_alpha| to a value. For example, ::
set exch_scale_alpha 1.0
will set :math:`\alpha = 1.0` and scale exchange energies with :math:`p_{EX}(1.0)`.
Instead of this straightforward scaling, SAPT0 energies benefit from a slightly modified
recipe that involves an empirically adjusted exponent :math:`\alpha = 3.0`.
To distinguish it from its unscaled counterpart, this energy is denoted sSAPT0 (see [Parker:2014:094106]_).
.. math:: E_{sSAPT0} = E_{elst}^{(10)} + E_{exch}^{(10)} + E_{ind,resp}^{(20)} +
p_{EX}(3.0) E_{exch-ind,resp}^{(20)} + E_{disp}^{(20)} + p_{EX}(3.0) E_{exch-disp}^{(20)}
+ \delta_{HF}^{(2)}
:label: sSAPT0
where :math:`\delta_{HF}^{(2)}` is computed *without* any scaling. Please note that
sSAPT0 is thus not the same as requesting ``exch_scale_alpha 3.0``.
A First Example
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
The following is the simplest possible input that will perform all
available SAPT computations (normally, you would pick one of these methods). ::
molecule water_dimer {
0 1
O -1.551007 -0.114520 0.000000
H -1.934259 0.762503 0.000000
H -0.599677 0.040712 0.000000
--
0 1
O 1.350625 0.111469 0.000000
H 1.680398 -0.373741 -0.758561
H 1.680398 -0.373741 0.758561
units angstrom
no_reorient
symmetry c1
}
set globals {
basis aug-cc-pvdz
}
energy('sapt0')
energy('sapt2')
energy('sapt2+')
energy('sapt2+(3)')
energy('sapt2+3')
The SAPT module uses the standard |PSIfour| partitioning of the dimer
into monomers. SAPT does not use spatial symmetry and needs the geometry
of the system to remain fixed throughout monomer and dimer calculations.
These requirements are imposed whenever a SAPT calculation is requested
but can also be set explicitly with the ``no_reorient`` and ``symmetry
c1`` molecule keywords, as in the example above. A final note is that the
SAPT module is only capable of performing SAPT computations for
interactions between closed-shell singlets.
The example input shown above would not be used in practice.
To exploit the efficiency of the density-fitted SAPT implementation in
|PSIfour|, the SCF computations should also be performed with density-fitted
(DF) integrals. ::
set globals {
basis aug-cc-pvdz
df_basis_scf aug-cc-pvdz-jkfit
df_basis_sapt aug-cc-pvdz-ri
guess sad
scf_type df
}
set sapt {
print 1
}
These options will perform the SAPT computation with DF-HF and a
superposition-of-atomic-densities guess. This is the preferred method of
running the SAPT module.
.. index:: SAPT; SAPT0
SAPT0
^^^^^
Generally speaking, SAPT0 should be applied to large systems or large data
sets. The performance of SAPT0 relies entirely on error cancellation, which
seems to be optimal with a truncated aug-cc-pVDZ basis, namely,
jun-cc-pVDZ (which we have referred to in previous work as
aug-cc-pVDZ'). We do not recommend using SAPT0 with large basis sets
like aug-cc-pVTZ. A systematic study of the accuracy of SAPT0 and other SAPT
truncations, using different basis sets, is reported in
[Parker:2014:094106]_. In particular, an empirical recipe for scaled SAPT0
can yield improved performance and has been included in the output file as
the sSAPT0 interaction energy. sSAPT0 is a free by-product and is automatically
computed when SAPT0 is requested (see above for more details).
The SAPT module has been used to perform SAPT0 computations with over
200 atoms and 2800 basis functions; this code should be scalable to 4000
basis functions. Publications resulting from the use of the SAPT0 code
should cite the following publications: [Hohenstein:2010:184111]_ and
[Hohenstein:2011:174107]_.
Basic SAPT0 Keywords
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
.. include:: autodir_options_c/sapt__sapt_level.rst
.. include:: autodir_options_c/sapt__basis.rst
.. include:: autodir_options_c/sapt__df_basis_sapt.rst
.. include:: autodir_options_c/sapt__df_basis_elst.rst
.. include:: autodir_options_c/sapt__freeze_core.rst
.. include:: autodir_options_c/sapt__d_convergence.rst
.. include:: autodir_options_c/sapt__e_convergence.rst
.. include:: autodir_options_c/sapt__maxiter.rst
.. include:: autodir_options_c/sapt__print.rst
Advanced SAPT0 Keywords
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
.. include:: autodir_options_c/sapt__aio_cphf.rst
.. include:: autodir_options_c/sapt__aio_df_ints.rst
.. include:: autodir_options_c/sapt__no_response.rst
.. include:: autodir_options_c/sapt__exch_scale_alpha.rst
.. include:: autodir_options_c/sapt__ints_tolerance.rst
.. include:: autodir_options_c/sapt__denominator_delta.rst
.. include:: autodir_options_c/sapt__denominator_algorithm.rst
.. include:: autodir_options_c/globals__debug.rst
.. index:: SAPT; higher-order
Higher-Order SAPT
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
For smaller systems (up to the size of a nucleic acid base pair), more
accurate interaction energies can be obtained through higher-order SAPT
computations. The SAPT module can perform density-fitted evaluations
of SAPT2, SAPT2+, SAPT2+(3), and SAPT2+3 energies. Publications resulting
from the use of the higher-order SAPT code should cite the following:
[Hohenstein:2010:014101]_.
For methods SAPT2+ and above, one can replace the many-body treatment of
dispersion by an improved method based on coupled-cluster doubles (CCD).
This approach tends to give good improvements when dispersion effects
are very large, as in the PCCP dimer (see [Hohenstein:2011:2842]_).
As shown in [Parker:2014:094106]_, whether or not CCD dispersion offers
more accurate interaction energies tends to depend on the SAPT truncation
and basis set employed, due to cancellations of errors. Thanks to
natural orbital methods [Parrish:2013:174102]_, the SAPT code in Psi
is able to include CCD dispersion with only a modest additional cost.
Computations employing CCD dispersion should cite [Parrish:2013:174102]_.
To request CCD dispersion treatment in a SAPT computation, simply append
``(ccd)`` to the name of the method, as in the following examples ::
energy('sapt2+(ccd)')
energy('sapt2+(3)(ccd)')
energy('sapt2+3(ccd)')
The :math:`\delta_{MP2}` corrections can also be computed automatically
by appending ``dmp2`` to the name of the method, with or without CCD dispersion ::
energy('sapt2+dmp2')
energy('sapt2+(3)dmp2')
energy('sapt2+3dmp2')
energy('sapt2+(ccd)dmp2')
energy('sapt2+(3)(ccd)dmp2')
energy('sapt2+3(ccd)dmp2')
A brief note on memory usage: the higher-order SAPT code assumes that
certain quantities can be held in core. This code requires sufficient
memory to hold :math:`3o^2v^2+v^2N_{aux}` arrays in core. With this
requirement computations on the adenine-thymine complex can be performed
with an aug-cc-pVTZ basis in less than 64GB of memory.
Higher-order SAPT is treated separately from the higly optimized SAPT0
code, therefore, higher-order SAPT uses a separate set of keywords.
The following keywords are relevant for higher-order SAPT.
Basic Keywords for Higher-order SAPT
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
.. include:: autodir_options_c/sapt__basis.rst
.. include:: autodir_options_c/sapt__df_basis_sapt.rst
.. include:: autodir_options_c/globals__freeze_core.rst
.. include:: autodir_options_c/sapt__print.rst
Advanced Keywords for Higher-order SAPT
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
.. include:: autodir_options_c/sapt__do_ccd_disp.rst
.. include:: autodir_options_c/sapt__do_mbpt_disp.rst
.. include:: autodir_options_c/sapt__do_third_order.rst
.. include:: autodir_options_c/sapt__ints_tolerance.rst
.. include:: autodir_options_c/sapt__sapt_mem_check.rst
.. include:: autodir_options_c/globals__debug.rst
MP2 Natural Orbitals
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
One of the unique features of the SAPT module is its ability to use
MP2 natural orbitals (NOs) to speed up the evaluation of the triples
contribution to dispersion. By transforming to the MP2 NO basis, we can
throw away virtual orbitals that are expected to contribute little to the
dispersion energy. Speedups in excess of :math:`50 \times` are possible. In
practice, this approximation is very good and should always be applied.
Publications resulting from the use of MP2 NO-based approximations should
cite the following: [Hohenstein:2010:104107]_.
Basic Keywords Controlling MP2 NO Approximations
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
.. include:: autodir_options_c/sapt__nat_orbs_t2.rst
.. include:: autodir_options_c/sapt__nat_orbs_t3.rst
.. include:: autodir_options_c/sapt__nat_orbs_v4.rst
.. include:: autodir_options_c/sapt__occ_tolerance.rst
.. comment Advanced Keywords Controlling MP2 NO Approximations
.. comment ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
.. comment .. include:: autodir_options_c/sapt__nat_orbs_t2.rst
.. index:: SAPT; charge-transfer
.. _`sec:saptct`:
Charge-Transfer in SAPT
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
It is possible to obtain the stabilization energy of a complex due to
charge-transfer effects from a SAPT computation. The charge-transfer energy
can be computed with the SAPT module as described by Stone
and Misquitta [Misquitta:2009:201]_.
Charge-transfer energies can be obtained from the following calls to the
energy function. ::
energy('sapt0-ct')
energy('sapt2-ct')
energy('sapt2+-ct')
energy('sapt2+(3)-ct')
energy('sapt2+3-ct')
energy('sapt2+(ccd)-ct')
energy('sapt2+(3)(ccd)-ct')
energy('sapt2+3(ccd)-ct')
A SAPT charge-transfer analysis will perform 5 HF computations: the dimer
in the dimer basis, monomer A in the dimer basis, monomer B in the dimer
basis, monomer A in the monomer A basis, and monomer B in the monomer B
basis. Next, it performs two SAPT computations, one in the dimer basis and
one in the monomer basis. Finally, it will print a summary of the
charge-transfer results::
SAPT Charge Transfer Analysis
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
SAPT Induction (Dimer Basis) -2.0970 [mEh] -1.3159 [kcal/mol] -5.5057 [kJ/mol]
SAPT Induction (Monomer Basis) -1.1396 [mEh] -0.7151 [kcal/mol] -2.9920 [kJ/mol]
SAPT Charge Transfer -0.9574 [mEh] -0.6008 [kcal/mol] -2.5137 [kJ/mol]
These results are for the water dimer geometry shown above computed with
SAPT0/aug-cc-pVDZ.
.. index::
pair: SAPT; output
Monomer-Centered Basis Computations
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
The charge-transfer analysis above is carried out by taking the
difference between SAPT induction as calculated in the dimer-centered
basis (i.e., each monomer sees the basis functions on both monomers)
vs. the monomer-centered basis (i.e., each monomer utilizes only its
own basis set). It is also possible to run a SAPT computation at any
level using only the monomer-centered basis. To do this, simply add
``sapt_basis='monomer'`` to the energy function, such as ::
energy('sapt2',sapt_basis='monomer')
This procedure leads to faster compuations, but it converges more slowly
towards the complete basis set limit than the default procedure, which uses
the dimer-centered basis set. Hence, monomer-centered basis SAPT
computations are not recommended.
Interpreting SAPT Results
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
We will examine the results of a SAPT2+3/aug-cc-pVDZ computation on the
water dimer. This computation can be performed with the following
input::
molecule water_dimer {
0 1
O -1.551007 -0.114520 0.000000
H -1.934259 0.762503 0.000000
H -0.599677 0.040712 0.000000
--
0 1
O 1.350625 0.111469 0.000000
H 1.680398 -0.373741 -0.758561
H 1.680398 -0.373741 0.758561
units angstrom
}
set globals {
basis aug-cc-pvdz
guess sad
scf_type df
}
set sapt {
print 1
nat_orbs_t2 true
freeze_core true
}
energy('sapt2+3')
To reiterate some of the options mentioned above: the
|sapt__nat_orbs_t2| option will compute MP2 natural orbitals and use
them in the evaluation of the triples correction to dispersion, and the
|sapt__freeze_core| option will freeze the core throughout the SAPT
computation. This SAPT2+3/aug-cc-pVDZ computation produces the following
results::
SAPT Results
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Electrostatics -13.06509118 [mEh] -8.19846883 [kcal/mol] -34.30239689 [kJ/mol]
Elst10,r -13.37542977 [mEh] -8.39320925 [kcal/mol] -35.11719087 [kJ/mol]
Elst12,r 0.04490350 [mEh] 0.02817737 [kcal/mol] 0.11789413 [kJ/mol]
Elst13,r 0.26543510 [mEh] 0.16656305 [kcal/mol] 0.69689985 [kJ/mol]
Exchange 13.41768202 [mEh] 8.41972294 [kcal/mol] 35.22812415 [kJ/mol]
Exch10 11.21822294 [mEh] 7.03954147 [kcal/mol] 29.45344432 [kJ/mol]
Exch10(S^2) 11.13802706 [mEh] 6.98921779 [kcal/mol] 29.24289005 [kJ/mol]
Exch11(S^2) 0.04558907 [mEh] 0.02860757 [kcal/mol] 0.11969410 [kJ/mol]
Exch12(S^2) 2.15387002 [mEh] 1.35157390 [kcal/mol] 5.65498573 [kJ/mol]
Induction -3.91313050 [mEh] -2.45552656 [kcal/mol] -10.27392413 [kJ/mol]
Ind20,r -4.57530818 [mEh] -2.87104935 [kcal/mol] -12.01247162 [kJ/mol]
Ind30,r -4.91714746 [mEh] -3.08555675 [kcal/mol] -12.90997067 [kJ/mol]
Ind22 -0.83718642 [mEh] -0.52534243 [kcal/mol] -2.19803293 [kJ/mol]
Exch-Ind20,r 2.47828501 [mEh] 1.55514739 [kcal/mol] 6.50673730 [kJ/mol]
Exch-Ind30,r 4.33916119 [mEh] 2.72286487 [kcal/mol] 11.39246770 [kJ/mol]
Exch-Ind22 0.45347471 [mEh] 0.28455969 [kcal/mol] 1.19059785 [kJ/mol]
delta HF,r (2) -1.43239563 [mEh] -0.89884187 [kcal/mol] -3.76075473 [kJ/mol]
delta HF,r (3) -0.85440936 [mEh] -0.53614999 [kcal/mol] -2.24325177 [kJ/mol]
Dispersion -3.62000698 [mEh] -2.27158877 [kcal/mol] -9.50432831 [kJ/mol]
Disp20 -3.54291925 [mEh] -2.22321549 [kcal/mol] -9.30193450 [kJ/mol]
Disp30 0.05959979 [mEh] 0.03739944 [kcal/mol] 0.15647926 [kJ/mol]
Disp21 0.11216169 [mEh] 0.07038252 [kcal/mol] 0.29448051 [kJ/mol]
Disp22 (SDQ) -0.17892163 [mEh] -0.11227502 [kcal/mol] -0.46975875 [kJ/mol]
Disp22 (T) -0.47692534 [mEh] -0.29927518 [kcal/mol] -1.25216749 [kJ/mol]
Est. Disp22 (T) -0.54385233 [mEh] -0.34127251 [kcal/mol] -1.42788430 [kJ/mol]
Exch-Disp20 0.64545587 [mEh] 0.40502969 [kcal/mol] 1.69464439 [kJ/mol]
Exch-Disp30 -0.01823410 [mEh] -0.01144207 [kcal/mol] -0.04787362 [kJ/mol]
Ind-Disp30 -0.91816882 [mEh] -0.57615966 [kcal/mol] -2.41065224 [kJ/mol]
Exch-Ind-Disp30 0.76487181 [mEh] 0.47996433 [kcal/mol] 2.00817094 [kJ/mol]
Total HF -5.68662563 [mEh] -3.56841161 [kcal/mol] -14.93023559 [kJ/mol]
Total SAPT0 -8.58408901 [mEh] -5.38659740 [kcal/mol] -22.53752571 [kJ/mol]
Total SAPT2 -6.72343814 [mEh] -4.21902130 [kcal/mol] -17.65238683 [kJ/mol]
Total SAPT2+ -7.33405042 [mEh] -4.60218631 [kcal/mol] -19.25554938 [kJ/mol]
Total SAPT2+(3) -7.00901553 [mEh] -4.39822383 [kcal/mol] -18.40217026 [kJ/mol]
Total SAPT2+3 -7.18054663 [mEh] -4.50586123 [kcal/mol] -18.85252518 [kJ/mol]
Special recipe for scaled SAPT0 (see Manual):
Electrostatics sSAPT0 -13.37542977 [mEh] -8.39320925 [kcal/mol] -35.11719087 [kJ/mol]
Exchange sSAPT0 11.21822294 [mEh] 7.03954147 [kcal/mol] 29.45344432 [kJ/mol]
Induction sSAPT0 -3.47550008 [mEh] -2.18090932 [kcal/mol] -9.12492546 [kJ/mol]
Dispersion sSAPT0 -2.88342055 [mEh] -1.80937379 [kcal/mol] -7.57042064 [kJ/mol]
Total sSAPT0 -8.51612746 [mEh] -5.34395089 [kcal/mol] -22.35909265 [kJ/mol]
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
At the bottom of this output are the total SAPT energies (defined above),
they are composed of subsets of the individual terms printed above. The
individual terms are grouped according to the component of the interaction
to which they contribute. The total component energies (*i.e.,*
electrostatics, exchange, induction, and dispersion) represent what we
regard as the best estimate available at a given level of SAPT computed
from a subset of the terms of that grouping. The groupings shown above are
not unique and are certainly not rigorously defined. We regard the groupings
used in |PSIfour| as a "chemist's grouping" as opposed to a more
mathematically based grouping, which would group all exchange terms
(*i.e.* :math:`E_{exch-ind,resp}^{(20)}`, :math:`E_{exch-disp}^{(20)}`, *etc.*) in
the exchange component. A final note is that both ``Disp22(T)``
and ``Est.Disp22(T)`` results appear if MP2 natural orbitals are
used to evaluate the triples correction to dispersion. The ``Disp22(T)``
result is the triples correction as computed in the truncated NO basis;
``Est.Disp22(T)`` is a scaled result that attempts to recover
the effect of the truncated virtual space and is our best estimate. The ``Est.Disp22(T)``
value is used in the SAPT energy and dispersion component (see [Hohenstein:2010:104107]_
for details). Finally, this part of the output file contains sSAPT0, a special scaling
scheme of the SAPT0 energy that can yield improved results and was described in more details
above. The corresponding scaled total component energies are printed as well.
As mentioned above, SAPT results with scaled exchange are also optionally available
by setting the |sapt__exch_scale_alpha| keyword. When activated, the unscaled results are
printed first as reported above, and then repeated with exchange scaling for all
relevant terms: ::
SAPT Results ==> ALL S2 TERMS SCALED (see Manual) <==
Scaling factor (Exch10/Exch10(S^2))^{Alpha} = 1.007200
with Alpha = 1.000000
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Electrostatics -13.06509118 [mEh] -8.19846883 [kcal/mol] -34.30239689 [kJ/mol]
Elst10,r -13.37542977 [mEh] -8.39320925 [kcal/mol] -35.11719087 [kJ/mol]
Elst12,r 0.04490350 [mEh] 0.02817737 [kcal/mol] 0.11789413 [kJ/mol]
Elst13,r 0.26543510 [mEh] 0.16656305 [kcal/mol] 0.69689985 [kJ/mol]
Exchange sc. 13.43351854 [mEh] 8.42966050 [kcal/mol] 35.26970292 [kJ/mol]
Exch10 11.21822294 [mEh] 7.03954147 [kcal/mol] 29.45344432 [kJ/mol]
Exch10(S^2) 11.13802706 [mEh] 6.98921779 [kcal/mol] 29.24289005 [kJ/mol]
Exch11(S^2) sc. 0.04591732 [mEh] 0.02881355 [kcal/mol] 0.12055592 [kJ/mol]
Exch12(S^2) sc. 2.16937828 [mEh] 1.36130548 [kcal/mol] 5.69570268 [kJ/mol]
Induction sc. -3.90986540 [mEh] -2.45347768 [kcal/mol] -10.26535160 [kJ/mol]
Ind20,r -4.57530818 [mEh] -2.87104935 [kcal/mol] -12.01247162 [kJ/mol]
Ind30,r -4.91714746 [mEh] -3.08555675 [kcal/mol] -12.90997067 [kJ/mol]
Ind22 -0.83718642 [mEh] -0.52534243 [kcal/mol] -2.19803293 [kJ/mol]
Exch-Ind20,r sc. 2.49612913 [mEh] 1.56634474 [kcal/mol] 6.55358703 [kJ/mol]
Exch-Ind30,r sc. 4.37040396 [mEh] 2.74247000 [kcal/mol] 11.47449560 [kJ/mol]
Exch-Ind22 sc. 0.45673981 [mEh] 0.28660857 [kcal/mol] 1.19917038 [kJ/mol]
delta HF,r (2) sc. -1.45023975 [mEh] -0.91003922 [kcal/mol] -3.80760445 [kJ/mol]
delta HF,r (3) sc. -0.90349624 [mEh] -0.56695248 [kcal/mol] -2.37212939 [kJ/mol]
Dispersion sc. -3.60998364 [mEh] -2.26529903 [kcal/mol] -9.47801205 [kJ/mol]
Disp20 -3.54291925 [mEh] -2.22321549 [kcal/mol] -9.30193450 [kJ/mol]
Disp30 0.05959979 [mEh] 0.03739944 [kcal/mol] 0.15647926 [kJ/mol]
Disp21 0.11216169 [mEh] 0.07038252 [kcal/mol] 0.29448051 [kJ/mol]
Disp22 (SDQ) -0.17892163 [mEh] -0.11227502 [kcal/mol] -0.46975875 [kJ/mol]
Disp22 (T) -0.47692534 [mEh] -0.29927518 [kcal/mol] -1.25216749 [kJ/mol]
Est. Disp22 (T) -0.54385233 [mEh] -0.34127251 [kcal/mol] -1.42788430 [kJ/mol]
Exch-Disp20 sc. 0.65010327 [mEh] 0.40794598 [kcal/mol] 1.70684615 [kJ/mol]
Exch-Disp30 sc. -0.01836538 [mEh] -0.01152445 [kcal/mol] -0.04821832 [kJ/mol]
Ind-Disp30 -0.91816882 [mEh] -0.57615966 [kcal/mol] -2.41065224 [kJ/mol]
Exch-Ind-Disp30 sc. 0.77037903 [mEh] 0.48342016 [kcal/mol] 2.02263015 [kJ/mol]
Total HF -5.68662563 [mEh] -3.56841161 [kcal/mol] -14.93023559 [kJ/mol]
Total SAPT0 sc. -8.57944161 [mEh] -5.38368112 [kcal/mol] -22.52532395 [kJ/mol]
Total SAPT2 sc. -6.69968912 [mEh] -4.20411857 [kcal/mol] -17.59003378 [kJ/mol]
Total SAPT2+ sc. -7.31030140 [mEh] -4.58728357 [kcal/mol] -19.19319632 [kJ/mol]
Total SAPT2+(3) sc. -6.98526650 [mEh] -4.38332109 [kcal/mol] -18.33981720 [kJ/mol]
Total SAPT2+3 sc. -7.15142168 [mEh] -4.48758504 [kcal/mol] -18.77605762 [kJ/mol]
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
The scaling factor is reported at the top (here ``1.0072``) together with the
:math:`\alpha` parameter. All terms that are scaled are indicated by the ``sc.``
keyword. Note that if Exch10 is less than :math:`10^{-5}`, the scaling factor is
set to :math:`1.0`.